Fatehpur Sikri





Timings Open: daily from sunrise to sunset.

Entry charge:  Foreigners: INR 485

Indians: INR 50

Entry on Friday is free.

Fatehpur sikri
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Fatehpur Sikri history

You can visit the city of your own or advantage a restricted guide. The most excellent time to occurrence and travel around this momentous extravaganza is from November to February. Built back in the 16thcentury by the Mughal ruler Akbar, Fatehpur Sikri is a UNESCO World legacy Site and one of the most popular destination of India.

Set at a reserve of 36 km from Agra, Fatehpur Sikri  arrogantly stands as the proof of the wealthy Mughal culture and society. The city houses a figure of historical monuments which are all built of red sandstone. These monuments show a mix together of Hindu, Persian and Indo-Muslim background in their architecture.

 

Most central monuments of the city comprise Diwan-i-Am, Which was earlier the hall of public viewers. Ranch Mahal in , The palace of Jodha Bai, The exhibition area of Anup Talao. And the palace of Birbal. There are many sacred monuments in the city such as Jama Masjid, Buland Darwaza, Ibadat Khana, Anup Talao. Hujra-i-Anup Talao, And Mariam-Uz-Zamani Palace. All the monuments of the city are beautifully adorned with intricate works, Which reflect the skills of the artisans of those times.

The best time to visit Fatehpur Sikri is from the month of November to April. Through the rest of the year, The weather becomes very hot and dry.

Architecture :

Fatehpur Sikri is famous to house a number of of the best examples of Mughal, Hindu and Jain architecture. The structures depict a mix of craftsmanship of Bengal and Gujarat. Local quarried red sandstone, Known as ‘Sikri Sandstone’ Has been used in the construction of all the buildings. The historic monuments of the city speak of its rich and wonderful past.

Panch Mahal in Fatehpur Sikri :
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As the name suggests, It is an imposing palace-like organization having five storeys.  That served as a house of the noble ladies. The top of the structure is a large-sized dome bent chhatri, With each level down, The size of the level increases. Total 176 imprinted columns are behind the floors.




Tomb of Salim Chisti Fatehpur Sikri : inside the court of the mosque. There is the tomb of Salim Chisti, A Sufi saint. The heavy of Chisti is there under an bedecked cover made up of wood in a chamber.  At the centre of the single-storeyed agreement. On the outer side, There is a passage with frightened latticework and frames having elaborate geometric shapes and patterns.

As per legends, It is said that the Emperor Akbar, As a token of gratitude to the Sufi saint Shaikh Salim Chisti, Had named his son Salim after the name of this saint; He later became popular as Jahangir. Chisti was the one who blessed Akbar with his heir.

Another tomb in the complex is that of Islam Khan I, The grandson of the saint. On the top of the tomb rests a colossal dome along with 36 minor chhatris.

Jama Masjid in Fatehpur Sikri :

Jama Masjid, a congregational mosque, Was one of the first buildings that were erect at the historic site. The building of the mosque was completed in the year 1575 by Sheikh Salim Chishti. Formerly, The late Hazrat Shah Muhammad Mazhar Ullah served as the Imam of the Mosque. But presently his son Maulvi Mukarram Ahmad is playing the key role.

The mosque has been erected with the features that of a characteristic Indian mosque, having iwans around a central courtyard. However, it stands out in its design because of prominent chhatris over the sanctuary.

Buland Darwaza in  Fatehpur Sikri :

The grand doorway leading to the Jama Masjid at Fatehpur Sikri, the Buland Darwaza is 55 metre in height. It was in AD 1601, that is five years after the construction of the mosque. That the gate was constructed as a ‘victory arch’. It was built to mark the success of Akbar over Gujarat.

In its arch, it bears two inscriptions; of which one reads: ‘Isa, Son of Mariam said: The world is a bridge, Pass over it, But build no houses on it. He who hopes for an hour may hope for eternity. The world endures but an hour. Spend it in prayer, for the rest is unseen.’

Ibadat Khana in Fatehpur Sikri :

Ibadat Khana, meaning the House of Worship was built by the Mughal Emperor Akbar in 1575. This section was included in the city to hold religious gatherings and discussions among the great leaders of spiritual background. The foundations of Din-e-Ilahi were laid by Akbar here. However, The structure was demolished long back